If you’re looking for a small vining plant to add to your home, the mini monstera ticks many boxes. Indoors, the mini-monstera can grow up to 2.5m tall and have leaves 15 to 20 cm in length. The mini monstera can be used as a climbing plant if you have a trellis with enough greenery.
We’ve covered the basics on how to grow and care for a mini monstera (which you can propagate in both soil and water), explore the common diseases and pests to look out for, and share some valuable FAQs too.
Mini Monstera, Monstera Ginny, Philodendron Ginny, Philodendron Piccolo, Monstera Minima
Indoors and outdoors, maximum 2.4 metres
pH of soil
Type of soil:
Moist but well-draining
Green or white
It’s bloom time
Spring and summer
Rhaphidophora Tetrasperma, or the mini monstera as it’s more commonly known, is named because of its close resemblance to the monstera deliciosa. This plant is not a monstera. It is a part of another genus. Rhaphidophora.
This genus is home to 100 species of tropical plants from Asia and Africa. It is part the Araceae family. This explains why Rhaphidophora species are distantly related with Monstera genus.
The mini monstera, like its Monstera cousins, is a great indoor plant. Rhaphidophora Tetrasperma is more closely related than the pothos, another popular houseplant that is also from Asia.
The mini monstera is native to Malaysian and Thai countries. It can be found near Perak and Kelantan in the southern part Thailand. It was first discovered and identified in the late 1800s.
The Mini Monstera: Features
The Rhaphidophora Tetrasperma leaves are small and delicate. They have a glossy green color with a smooth, lush texture. They are fibrous and split with leaves that change in structure as they mature. As the plant grows older, the stalks get longer and divide.
The mini monstera can be enjoyed all year round, and is an evergreen plant. It is a climbing tree and can grow to as high as 3 to 5 m. Its top roots will climb up trees and walls – in fact, they will latch on to whatever gives them stability.
Rhaphidophora Tetrasperma vs Monstera deliciosa
These plants are very similar in appearance so it might be beneficial to compare the differences. Both plants are part of Araceae. Monstera delicciosa is part the Monstera family and Rhaphidophora trisperma is part the Rhaphidophora.
They can be found in different parts the world, such as Thailand and Malaysia, as well as Southern Mexico and Central America. Rhaphidophora tetrasperma’s leaves are smaller than its relation.
The fenestrations of young monstera deliciosa are usually very small and may even be absent altogether, while the mini monstera will always have them.
The fenestrations on mature monstera deliciosas are splits or holes with the tips growing towards one another. Rhaphidophora.tetrasperma will have more open tips and fewer holes.
How to grow mini monstera
Propagating Mini Monstera
You can easily propagate mini monstera by using stem cuttings. You can save the cuttings from your plant to make a new one.
Mini Monstera Water Propagation
Use a sharp pair of scissors to take a stem cutting from a mature and healthy plant with 2-3 nodes along the stem. Remove any leaves from the bottom 1-2 nodes of the stem, and put the exposed nodes in water – you can use a glass or small vase.
Place the stem cutting in a place with indirect light from medium to high. Water should be changed once a week. Once the cutting has roots measuring 2.5 to 5cm in length, it can be transferred to moist soil.
To allow roots to adjust to growing in soil, keep the soil moist.
How to Propagate Mini Monstera in Potting soil
Once again, you’ll use a pair of clean, sharp scissors or secateurs and cut off a piece of mini monstera that includes at least one node and a leaf. (See our review on the best secateurs available in Australia.)
The cutting can be placed directly in the potting mixture, ensuring that it covers at most one node. This is where the roots will start to grow. It’s also important that your pot is the right size for the cutting.
After a month, the cutting’s roots should be starting to establish. Give the plant a gentle tug to test for resistance. This will tell you if the roots are established.
Mini Monstera Care Guide
Rhaphidophora Tetrasperma requires a few hours of indirect, bright light every day. The leaves can easily burn if the plant is exposed to direct sunlight.
If your mini monstera starts growing leaves without fenestrations, you’ll know the plant needs more light and should be moved to a brighter spot.
Mini Monstera’s Best Soil
Mini monstera require moist, well-drained soil that is rich and balanced in nutrients. The best soil mix for Rhaphidophora tetrasperma is organic and loamy soil. Avoid soils that are too sandy or clay-like.
Perlite and orchid bark can be used to transform regular indoor potting soil. For amazing results, you could mix one part cocoa coir, one portion orchid bark, and one piece perlite. The soil texture can be improved by adding peat moss.
Watering Mini Monstera
Mini monsteras are native to tropical regions in Asia and Africa. They need moisture and water. Their roots are delicate and can be sensitive to over and under watering. The soil should be kept moist but not soaked.
It is best to water your plants every week and to mist them often. It is important to let the soil dry between waterings, especially in winter. You might only need to water your plants every two weeks during this season.
Temperature and Humidity
Rhaphidophora. Tetrasperma is happy in warm and humid conditions. These tropical plants can be grown indoors at normal household temperatures. However, they need more humidity.
A humidifier can be placed near your plant to increase the humidity. A tray filled with water can also help create perfect humidity. Your mini monstera will grow beautifully when the water in your tray evaporates.
We recommend that you mist your leaves often. The humidity of the air around your plant will be increased if they are near other plants. The mini monstera doesn’t have any particular temperature needs, as long as temperatures don’t drop below 10 degrees Celsius.
Fertilising Mini Monstera
Mini monstera should be fertilized during the active growing season. To support healthy growth, you can apply a liquid fertiliser once per month in spring or summer.
Organic fertilisers are less likely to burn and damage roots. Have a look at our complete fertiliser guide to help you make the right choice.
You can also make your fertiliser from everyday ingredients found in your garden and home. Here are our top tips.
- Have an organic lawn You can make great weed fighting mulch by collecting your grass clippings. It’s also rich in nitrogen, an essential nutrient for most plants.
- Weeds can be very useful. It’s good to know that many of the weeds that you’ll find in your garden are very high in nitrogen and will make an excellent fertiliser.The trick here is that you can’t just put weeds back in the garden after you’ve pulled them out. You’ll need to make weed tea. Fill a 20 litre container with weeds. Next, add water to the remaining bucket.Let the weeds soak for at least a week before you can make the perfect nutrient-rich tea to pour over your garden.
- You can make your own compost. You can make your own compost. The soil also retains water thanks to compost.
- You can begin to put them to use as soon as autumn leaves start to accumulate. They are incredibly helpful and a real gardener’s friend.Trace minerals are found in leaves. They attract earthworms and retain moisture. They also make heavy soils lighter. The leaves can be mixed into your soil or used as mulch to fertilise and control weeds.
- Coffee grounds are not just a pick me up for you – they’re also great as a garden fertiliser. Because Rhaphidophora.tetrasperma prefers slightly acidic soils, you can reuse your coffee grounds to help acidify the soil.You can sprinkle the used ground on top of the soil, or use it to make a paste. “coffee”Pour it on your garden. You can make garden coffee by soaking six cups of the coffee grounds.
- Lime is an important ingredient in the garden for many different reasons. Lime helps to lower the pH of your soil and gives plants lots of calcium. Lime is in fact an all-natural fertiliser that you can buy at the nursery but here’s a way you can save on costs.Simply wash the eggshells in your kitchen and then crush them for use in your garden. Eggshells are 93% Calcium Carbonate, which is the scientific term for lime.
Repotting Mini Monstera
Mini monstera is a fast grower, and you’ll usually need to repot it once a year. You might even need to repot it twice a year so it doesn’t become root bound. If you notice roots peeping out the drainage holes or if you notice that growth has slowed down completely, it’s probably time to repot.
Place your Rhaphidophora Tetrasperma in a new pot that is at least twice the size of its current one and has good drainage. If possible, repot your Rhaphidophora tetrasperma in spring or summer. Terra cotta pots dry faster, which reduces the risk of root rot.
Mini Monstera Possible Insects and Diseases
Mini monstera plants are easy indoors to grow and generally do not pose any problems. Although there are some problems that can arise from poor lighting or watering, these are easily fixed. You should also be on the lookout for unwanted pests in your home.
Pale Looking Leaves
If your plant has pale or scorched leaves, it is probably getting too much sunlight. Mini monsteras have a thinner waxy layer than monstera deliciosa, so it is better to move them to a shaded area.
Spotted and patchy leaves
A few things could indicate spots or patches in the leaves. If the spots appear brownish and soft, you may have overwatered. The presence of lighter-colored spots could indicate cold shock, so it is best to use room temperature water.
Crispy and Brown Edges
The leaves with brown edges often indicate that the air around them is dry. Your mini monstera might be near a heater, air conditioner, or draught. However, inconsistent watering could also be a problem. Make sure that the soil is always moist. You can also try to increase the humidity with a humidifier.
Small Leaves (New Growth).
Because it is a climbing houseplant, you may need to trim the rhaphidophora Tetrasperma vines when they become too long. This will keep your plant healthy. If you find that the plant’s new leaves are small, it might not be getting enough light or humidity.
Mini Monstera: Reduced fenestrations
A mini monstera plant’s main feature is its fenestrations, or splits in the leaf. You might notice a decrease in splits if the plant is not receiving enough light or has no support from a pole, trellis or other structure. Move the mini monstera to somewhere brighter and provide support.
Mini Monstera Yellow Leaves
A mini monstera’s life cycle includes yellowing leaves. The older leaves will turn yellow and then drop. However, if you notice several leaves dropping suddenly you might have a cold draught.
A lack of sunlight can also cause yellowing of leaves. To see if your plant is improving, you can move it to a brighter area and reduce the amount of watering.
Rhaphidophora Tetrasperma has sensitive roots. If the plant is left to dry out too long, it could cause the roots to start drying up and eventually die. Lack of moisture can cause the leaves curl and droop downwards.
If the roots are too dried out, watering your plant will unfortunately not solve the issue as it won’t have the root system to absorb the water.
If this happens, you can take your mini monstera plant out of the soil and put it in a vase filled with water for a few more weeks. This will allow roots to grow in the same manner as stem cuttings.
Once the root system is established you can move the plant back into moist soil.
Mini Monstera Root rot
Root rot is caused when you overwater. Be sure to feel the potting material with your finger before you water your mini monstera. It’s a good test to see if your plant is still too wet to be watered again. Also, be sure to check our guide on the best potting mix here.
You need to be aware of pests
Pests can invade your mini monstera by escaping from areas that are too dry. Red spider mite, red thrips, and aphids are all possible, especially in dry, warm conditions.
You can keep the humidity high, but you should also treat pests with insecticidal soap and neem oil. You should repeat this process weekly and keep the plant separate from other plants until it’s completely pest-free.
Before you start with treatment, give your plant a blast with water using a hose. This will wash most of the bugs out.
Rhaphidophora Tetrasperma FAQ
Are mini monsteras considered rare species?
Although they are rare, mini monsteras have become more common as they gain popularity.
What does the name rhaphidophora tetrasperma imply?
Rhaphidophora stands for “Rhaphidophora”. “needle bearing”The term raphides refers to the needle-shaped calcium oxide crystals called raphides. They are responsible for making all parts of the Plant poisonous and unpalatable vegetables. Tetra means “four”, and sperma methods “seeded”.
Is there any other interesting use for the mini monstera?
The anti-malaria properties of this plant have been proven. Six elements found in the plant’s stem and leaves have a significant effect on the parasites that cause malaria.
Does the rhaphidophora, tetrasperma flower?
Rhaphidophora flowers have no floral envelope, and they shed their petal-like collars after flowering. They also produce many sphere-shaped seed.
Flowers are usually seen in mature tetrasperma plants that have grown outside, so you won’t experience any blooms if your mini monstera is a houseplant. The flowers are small and white with no petals.
How long can a mini monstera survive?
This plant has a perpetual life cycle and can last up to three years depending on how it is cared for.
Start Growing Mini Monstera Today
If you’re in need of an easy-going plant that offers the feel of an urban jungle, a mini monstera might be a good choice for you. They are large enough to make a statement but not too demanding or time-consuming in terms of care.
You won’t get flowers if growing indoors, but you will get evergreen joy throughout the year, and some good looking leaves. Just make sure your pets don’t get too excited about your latest home addition, as the mini monstera is toxic.
The mini monstera is a class or genus of its own. Although it looks similar to distant monstera cousins. It has its own charm and identity.